West Java culture or Sundanese tribe is indeed very interesting to review together. Especially for those of you who live outside West Java, you will see the special attraction of the customs displayed. Each region basically has a culture inherited by previous ancestors.
Many customs have been abandoned but there are also some that are still preserved today. This culture applies in the social life of Sundanese people, ranging from fraternal relations, weddings, organizing certain events to calls in the family. All customs have a long history until now.
Of the many istiadat customs owned by West Java, you will know the 5 cultures that are most often found because they are preserved until now. Starting from the kinship system to the sepitan ceremony or circumcision. You will find its own uniqueness from this culture from West Java.
West Java Kinship System
The first West Java customs that we will discuss are related to the kinship system. The kinship system that applies in the Sundanese tribe is bilateral which is withdrawn from the father and mother side. Similar to the culture in other regions, sundanese people also consider you as the head of the family.
This kinship system is also not far from the role of Islam which affects culture in the Sundanese tribe. There is a term called Pancakaki which is used to describe kinship. For you Sundanese people are certainly no stranger to this one term because it is often used in everyday life.
In addition to Pancakaki, you will also know the terms Sarsilah (Genealogy or Salsilah) and History. These two terms have almost the same meaning, namely bloodline or Strain Stacking. The three terms are often used when discussing the kinship system used by the Sundanese people.
The people of West Java also have their own calls for their relatives, such as fathers, mothers, uncles, aunts, brothers, sisters, grandmothers, grandfathers and so on. This kind of kinship system is still preserved today. So, do not be surprised if there are still many People of West Java who hold this kinship system.
Seren Taun Traditional Ceremony
West Java culture that is no less interesting to learn is the Seren Taun Ceremony. This traditional West Java culture is carried out by transporting rice or as ngangkut pare from rice fields to rice barns (leuit), using a special piculan called rengkong while accompanied by a sprinkling of traditional music.
After that, there will be a meeting called riungan which is attended by local government officials and indigenous elders or community leaders. The results of the farmers brought at the Seren Taun ceremony are a symbol of the plea of gratitude to God for the presence of local officials or officials in the West Java area.
This West Java customs is a ceremony to convey the good news for the abundance of agricultural products or rice harvests and welfare that has been achieved by the community over a certain period of time. Because this traditional ceremony is not only done once, but during a certain time according to customs.
One of the characteristics that Seren Taun has is in the seba process. This procession is carried out by handing over all the agricultural products that have been obtained so that they can be enjoyed by officials and community leaders who come to the event. Everyone who comes to the ceremony will feel happiness together.
Tingkeban Ceremony from West Java
The next interesting West Java culture to learn is the Tingkeban Ceremony. This ceremony is held for a mother who is pregnant with a 7-month-old child. This Tingkeban ceremony was carried out as a form of request for the safety of the mother and fetus contained in her stomach.
The term Tingkeban has a certain meaning, namely the cap derived from its main word, Tingkeb. The meaning of this term describes a mother who is pregnant for 7 months is not allowed to mix with the husband. In fact, for 40 days after delivery it is still not allowed.
The purpose of this West Java customs is to prevent the mother from working too hard because the content is getting bigger. As is known, having sex with a husband and wife will make the mother exhausted and this habit is not good for the health of the baby and also the mother herself.
After the age of 7 months, the mother’s womb will be heavier until later towards labor. This culture owned by West Java aims to maintain the health of the mother and fetus in it so that bad things do not happen so there are rules that must be done by the mother.
The Traditional Ceremony of the Sea Party
Another West Java culture that is still preserved today is the traditional ceremony of the sea party. This ceremony is not held in any place, but in Pangandaran Ciamis area and Pelabuhan Ratu Sukabumi area. If you are visiting here, don’t miss to see the traditional ceremony held.
This sea feast ceremony was held as a form of gratitude from the community to God for the sea products obtained. That is why the people who participate in this traditional ceremony are generally fishermen who use sea transportation when working for a living for their families.
Not only as an expression of gratitude, this West Java customs also aims as a request for safety for fishermen. Although the sea conditions cannot be predicted, but the fishermen around must still work by wading through the ocean to find as many catches as possible.
For the safety of these fishermen, this traditional ceremony is carried out and so that they can bring abundant results. This procession of customary implementation is very interesting to see and learn. So, there is nothing wrong if you come and follow this traditional ceremony procession that is still preserved.
Sepitan or Circumcision Ceremony
West Java culture this one is still done until now, namely a sepitan ceremony or circumcision. This traditional ceremony is carried out with the aim of removing all the dirt that is on the genitals of the circumcision bride so that it becomes cleaner. This culture can also be found in some areas.
This culture is also related to Islamic religious beliefs where one of the conditions of Muslims is to carry out circumcision rituals, both for men and women. This ceremony is held when the boy is 6 years old and when the girl is in the baby so as not to be embarrassed later.
This ceremony is usually held by inviting circumcision paraji, relatives and neighbors of circumcision brides. So, there will be excitement in this traditional ceremony so that the circumcision bride feels happy and able to relieve pain after her vitals are cleaned because sometimes.
There are still many customs from the West Java area that are still preserved today and you will be interested to learn more about them. If you have a family from West Java, you must be familiar with some of the West Java customs mentioned above.